Common Name: Turkish fir, Black Sea fir

Scientific Name: 
Family: Pinaceae
Genus: Abies
Species: bornmuerlleriana

Hardiness Zone: 5 to 8
Height: 50 to 80 ft
Width: 10 to 15 ft


Common characteristics:

The Turkish fir or Black Sea fir can grow to 50' to 80' tall and have a 10' to 15' spread when fully grown. This fir is a fast-growing fir that is more tolerant of warmer climates than other fir species. Its bark is a dark gray to black color with maturity. Older needles are very dark green, new needles are a bright almost lime green color. Branches are smooth and form a conical structure, they are very fragrant. These trees make excellent Christmas trees both living and cut down. They are increasing in popularity with Christmas tree growers.  

Where it grows:

Plant Turkish fir in rich, acidic, well-drained soil in full to partial sun. Compared to other firs, Turkish fir can tolerate wet soils and heat.

How it’s used:

A very popular tree for Christmas tree growers, it will also make an excellent tree for your yard or park.  

Where it is native to:

Turkish fir is native to northern Turkey in the mountains around the Black Sea. 


Plant Lust

LeBeau Bamboo Nursery

Turkish fir lower surface of foliag
Turkish fir bark
Turkish fir branch
Turkish fir stem
Turkish fir bud