Jack Pine

Common Name: jack pine

Scientific Name: 
Family: Pinaceae
Genus: Pinus
Species: banksiana

Hardiness Zone: 2-6
Height: 35-50 ft.
Width: 10-20 ft.

Description: Jack Pine the most common pine in Minnesota. It is a hardy tree well suited for northern environments. Jack pine lives in fire-dependent ecosystems. The cones are adapted to fire by having serotinous cones. Fire melts a layer of resin that covers its cones. This allows the scales to open and its seeds are able to spread. Under extremely warm weather events, cones may also open. Jack pine that have evolved in non-fire-dependent ecosystems may lack this adaptation. 

Jack pine bark
Jack pine cone