HORSE CHESTNUT - AESCULUS HIPPOCASTANUM

Common Name: horse chestnut

Scientific Name: 
Family:
 Sapindaceae
Genus: Aesculus 
Species: hippocastanum

Hardiness Zone: 3 to 8
Height: 50 to 75 ft 
Width: 40 to 65 ft

 

Common characteristics:

The horse chestnut is a medium-sized tree that can reach heights of 40 to 60' tall and 40 to 60' wide. It has an upright single trunk that branches low to create a spreading round oval crown. Its bark is gray to dark brown and with age, it will become platy with many furrows. The dark green palmately compound leaves typically have 7 leaflets, though occasionally only 5. Leaves are oppositely attached to the stem and are 5-10" in length. It produces fruit in the form of a green, leathery, spiky capsule containing 1-3 smooth inedible nuts.

Where it grows:

Grows best in moist, well-drained soils. Can tolerate alkaline and clay soils. It will tolerate some road salts. Best in full sun to partial shade. Does well in the urban landscape. 

How it’s used:

A stunning tree that can tolerate Minnesota's harsh conditions, especially if provided with moist, fertile soils. Able to survive in full sun or partial shade, horse chestnut is suited for use as an urban shade tree, particularly in parks or gardens. 

Ecosystem services:

This tree is used by browse animals, migrant birds, and songbirds.  

Where it is native to:

The horse chestnut is native to the Balkans but is well suited for growing in Minnesota.  

Known Varieties and Their Traits:

Baumann's horse-chestnut (Aesculus hippocastanum 'Baumannii'):  A double-flowered cultivar that produces no nuts.

Problems:

This tree is prone to leaf scorch and a fungal leaf blotch

References:

Missouri Botanical Garden. (Plant Finder) Found Online: http://www.missouribotanicalgarden.org/PlantFinder/PlantFinderDetails.aspx?taxonid=281047&isprofile=1&basic=Aesculus

The Morton Arboretum. (Trees & Plants) Found Online: https://www.mortonarb.org/trees-plants/tree-plant-descriptions/horse-chestnut

Horse chestnut form
horsechestnut-bark
Horse chestnut foliag
Horse chestnut bud_1
Horse chestnut bud
Horse chestnut fruit
Horse chestnut fruit