Common Name: European plum

Scientific Name: 
Family: Rosaceae
Genus: Prunus
Species: P. domestica

Hardiness Zone: 5 to 9
Height: 15 to 20 ft 
Width: 15 to 20 ft

Common characteristics:

European plum is a deciduous tree growing to 39ft at a medium rate. This tree blooms in April with white to pink flower petals. The fruits are fleshy with a hard-covered seed in the middle. They ripen from July to November. Trees are usually self-fertile depending on the cultivar.  

Where it grows:

Prefers moist to well-drained soils. Tolerant of acidic, alkaline, clay, and sandy soils. It can grow in full sun to partial shade. 

How it’s used:

Used as a fruit harvest tree in a backyard orchard setting. Can be used as an ornamental. The fruit can be eaten just as they are when ripe or use to make jams or desserts.

Ecosystem services:

Birds and mammals will make use of the fruit on this tree. 

Where it is native to:

European plum is native to western Asia and Europe.


Plants for a Future