EASTERN COTTONWOOD - POPULUS DELTOIDES

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Common Name: eastern cottonwood

Scientific Name: 
Family:
Salicaceae
Genus: Populus
Species: deltoides

Hardiness Zone: 2 to 9
Height: 80 to 100 ft 
Width: 35 to 60 ft

Description:​ ​​The eastern cottonwood can be seen throughout Minnesota's landscapes, in the urban environment as well as natural areas. This widely planted tree has the potential to reach great heights. The tree is short lived, very fast growing and can take over an open area if left alone. Eastern cottonwood will tolerate almost any situation. They are adaptable to most salt and drought situations. This tree is not recommended to be planted near homes or anywhere that there will be targets for falling branches during storms.

This said, it has very weak wood; the branches will easily break off in storms. P. deltoides can be very messy; the females produce a cotton and flowers that will be everywhere in the spring. To avoid problems with messes, try planting male cottonwood trees. They do not produce the seeds that disperse cotton around the tree, and are known as "cottonless cottonwoods".

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