BUTTERNUT - JUGLANS CINEREA

butternut-banner

Common Name: butternut

Scientific Name: 
Family:
Juglandaceae
Genus: Juglans
Species: cinerea

Hardiness Zone: 3 to 7
Height: 40 to 60 ft
Width: 40 to 60 ft

Description:​ This mid- to large-sized tree has long, pinnately compounded leaves with 11-17 leaflets. The butternut is a native Minnesota tree that produces edible nuts that are enclosed in a ellipsoidal husk covered in sticky, small hairs. Common in mesic woods, and just above floodplains, butternut prefers average moisture sites, needing full sun to establish. The trees are becoming harder to find in their natural habitat due to butternut canker (Sirococcus clavigignenti-juglandacearum) having a devastating effect on their mortality. It was listed as an endangered species in Minnesota in 2013. 
 

butternut-bark
butternut foliage
butternut flowers
butternut seeds

 

 

 

 

 

 

References: 
Minnesota Department of Natural Resources. Found online: https://www.dnr.state.mn.us/rsg/profile.html?action=elementDetail&select...​ 

Oregon State. Found online: https://oregonstate.edu/dept/ldplants/jucin3.htm. Accessed 31 May, 2019

Lower Trent Conservation. Found online: https://lowertrentconservation.wordpress.com/2014/02/03/treevia-melting-.... Accessed 31 May 2019