Common Name: blue beech, musclewood, American hornbeam
Hardiness Zone: 3 to 9
Height: 20 to 35 feet
Width: 20 to 35 feet
The blue beech can be found growing naturally in the forests of Minnesota, but can also be used as a landscape tree. This small, slow-growing tree can do well in full shade, and adapts well to a wide range of soil conditions, drainage classes, and pH levels. This tree has distinct flares on the trunk and branches that resemble muscle definition. C. caroliniana are small in stature and may be a good option if you are looking for a smaller landscape tree.
University of Minnesota Extension. Found online: https://extension.umn.edu/trees-and-shrubs/blue-beech
Carol Levine Bark. https://gobotany.newenglandwild.org/species/carpinus/caroliniana/. Accessed 5 June 2019