Ulmus parvifolia https://trees.umn.edu/ en CHINESE ELM - ULMUS PARVIFOLIA https://trees.umn.edu/chinese-elm-ulmus-parvifolia-0 <span class="field field--name-title field--type-string field--label-hidden">CHINESE ELM - ULMUS PARVIFOLIA</span> <span class="field field--name-uid field--type-entity-reference field--label-hidden"><span lang="" about="/user/271" typeof="schema:Person" property="schema:name" datatype="">fuchs</span></span> <span class="field field--name-created field--type-created field--label-hidden">Mon, 04/26/2021 - 18:13</span> <div class="panel-display brenham-flipped clearfix"> <div class="container-fluid"> <div class="row"> <div class="col-md-12 radix-layouts-header panel-panel"> <div class="panel-panel-inner"> </div> </div> </div> <div class="row"> <div class="col-md-8 radix-layouts-content panel-panel"> <div class="panel-panel-inner"> <div data-block-plugin-id="inline_block:text" data-inline-block-uuid="d3a7c241-735f-46ff-9619-013cf3ec22ab" class="block block-layout-builder block-inline-blocktext"> <div class="clearfix text-formatted field field--name-body field--type-text-with-summary field--label-hidden field__item"><p><strong>Common Name: </strong>Chinese elm, lacebark elm<br /><br /><strong>Scientific Name:</strong> <br /><strong>Family:</strong> Ulmaceae<br /><strong>Genus:</strong> <em>Ulmus</em><br /><strong>Species:</strong><em> U. parvifolia</em><br /><br /><strong>Hardiness Zone:</strong> 4 to 9<br /><strong>Height:</strong> 40 to 50 ft<br /><strong>Width:</strong> 25 to 40 ft<br /><br /><strong>Common Characteristics:</strong> ​</p> <p>Chinese elm, also known as lacebark elm, is a medium to large sized tree reaching about 40-50 feet a maturity with a rounded shape. The leaves are similar in appearance to other elms but are smaller in size (up to 2 inches long). They are alternate, simple, and serrated. The leaves are dark green, turning yellow and reddish purple in the autumn. The small flowers show in late summer and are reddish-green in color. The fruits are small one-seeded samaras. The thin mature bark flakes off to show various colors such as green, orange, gray, or brown. The mottled bark is a unique characteristic of Chinese elm. </p> <p><strong>Where It Grows:</strong></p> <p>Chinese elm prefers moist, well-drained soils and full sun. It tolerates drought, some shade, road salt and air pollution.</p> <p><strong>How It's Used:</strong></p> <p>Chinese elm can be used in the landscape as an ornamental shade or street tree. Many enjoy this species of elm due to its unique bark, beautiful foliage and good resistance to Dutch elm disease. It is also good in urban landscapes because of its durability. </p> <p><strong>Ecosystem Services:</strong></p> <p>Birds and small animals use this tree for nesting. Birds will also eat the seeds. </p> <p><strong>Where It Is Native To:</strong></p> <p>This species of elm is native to China, Korea, and Japan. </p> <p><strong>Known Varieties and Their Traits:</strong></p> <p>Athena lacebark elm (<em>Ulmus parvifolia </em>'Emer I'): A variety of Chinese elm with unique peeling on the bark, dark green leaves, a rounded shape, and high resistance to Dutch elm disease.</p> <p>Allee lacebark elm (<em>Ulmus parvifolia </em>'Emer II'): A variety of Chinese elm with unique peeling on the bark, yellow fall leaves, a vase-shape, and high resistance to Dutch elm disease. </p> <p><strong>Problems:</strong></p> <p>Chinese elm has a good resistance to Dutch elm disease (DED), as well as Japanese beetle and elm leaf beetle. Chinese elm can have wilts, rots, cankers, or leaf spots. Other potential problems are elm yellows and elm leaf miner. </p> <p><br /><strong>References:</strong></p> <p><a href="https://www.arborday.org/trees/treeguide/TreeDetail.cfm?ItemID=838" title="Lacebark elm">Arbor Day Foundation</a></p> <p><a href="https://www.missouribotanicalgarden.org/PlantFinder/PlantFinderDetails.aspx?kempercode=c158" title="Ulmus parvifolia">Missouri Botanical Garden</a></p> <p><a href="https://mortonarb.org/plant-and-protect/trees-and-plants/lacebark-elm/#more-information" title="Lacebark elm">The Morton Arboretum</a></p></div> </div> <div data-block-plugin-id="field_block:node:dl_general_page:field_dl_tags" class="block block-layout-builder block-field-blocknodedl-general-pagefield-dl-tags"> <div class="flex-display-list field field--name-field-dl-tags field--type-entity-reference field--label-inline"> <div class="field__label">Tags</div> <div class="field__items"> <div class="flex-display-list-item field__item"><a href="/taxonomy/term/986" hreflang="en">Chinese Elm</a></div> <div class="flex-display-list-item field__item"><a href="/taxonomy/term/986" hreflang="en">Chinese Elm</a></div> <div class="flex-display-list-item field__item"><a href="/taxonomy/term/26" hreflang="en">Elm</a></div> <div class="flex-display-list-item field__item"><a href="/taxonomy/term/4266" hreflang="en">Ulmaceae</a></div> <div class="flex-display-list-item field__item"><a href="/taxonomy/term/1021" hreflang="en">Ulmus parvifolia</a></div> <div class="flex-display-list-item field__item"><a href="/taxonomy/term/4271" hreflang="en">Ulmus</a></div> <div class="flex-display-list-item field__item"><a href="/taxonomy/term/61" hreflang="en">tree trek</a></div> <div class="flex-display-list-item field__item"><a href="/taxonomy/term/3071" hreflang="en">plant database</a></div> </div> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="col-md-4 radix-layouts-sidebar panel-panel"> <div class="panel-panel-inner"> </div> </div> </div> </div> </div><!-- /.brenham-flipped --> Mon, 26 Apr 2021 23:13:04 +0000 fuchs 2201 at https://trees.umn.edu Chinese Elm (Ulmus parvifolia) https://trees.umn.edu/chinese-elm-ulmus-parvifolia <span class="field field--name-title field--type-string field--label-hidden">Chinese Elm (Ulmus parvifolia)</span> <span class="field field--name-uid field--type-entity-reference field--label-hidden"><span lang="" typeof="schema:Person" property="schema:name" datatype="">Anonymous (not verified)</span></span> <span class="field field--name-created field--type-created field--label-hidden">Thu, 12/28/2017 - 10:16</span> <div class="panel-display brenham-flipped clearfix"> <div class="container-fluid"> <div class="row"> <div class="col-md-12 radix-layouts-header panel-panel"> <div class="panel-panel-inner"> </div> </div> </div> <div class="row"> <div class="col-md-8 radix-layouts-content panel-panel"> <div class="panel-panel-inner"> <div data-block-plugin-id="field_block:node:dl_general_page:field_dl_body" class="block block-layout-builder block-field-blocknodedl-general-pagefield-dl-body"> <div class="clearfix text-formatted field field--name-field-dl-body field--type-text-with-summary field--label-hidden field__item"><p>By: Gabriel Cesarini</p><p><br /></p><div data-embed-button="media_browser" data-entity-type="media" data-entity-embed-display="media_image" alt="Chinese Elm Form" title="Chinese Elm Form" data-entity-uuid="d4d41f4e-659b-4cd6-adb9-a279c86d0371" data-langcode="und" class="embedded-entity"> <img src="/sites/trees.umn.edu/files/files/media/chinese_elm_form.png" alt="Chinese Elm Form" title="Chinese Elm Form" typeof="foaf:Image" /></div> <p> </p><p> </p><p> </p><p> </p><p> </p><p> </p><p> </p><p> </p><p> </p><p> </p><p> </p><p> </p><p>Ulmus parvifolia, commonly known as Chinese elm or lacebark elm is a deciduous tree species native to eastern Asia, specifically China, Korea, and Japan. Although Chinese elms prefer rich and moist loam soil types, they grow in a variety of soils that range from wet to dry and also urban conditions. Chinese elm survives in USDA Hardiness Zones 4-9. They are small to medium trees that typically grow up to 70 feet tall with a graceful, upright, wide spreading crown formed by the trees fine pendulous branches. Chinese elm is known to usually be resistant to Dutch elm disease as well as phloem necrosis, and pests like elm leaf beetle and Japanese beetle.</p><p></p><div data-embed-button="media_browser" data-entity-type="media" data-entity-embed-display="media_image" alt="Chinese Elm Bark" title="Chinese Elm Bark" data-entity-uuid="fac5b7d4-4287-418f-a88a-82b343221e0a" data-langcode="und" class="embedded-entity"> <img src="/sites/trees.umn.edu/files/files/media/chinese_elm_bark.jpg" alt="Chinese Elm Bark" title="Chinese Elm Bark" typeof="foaf:Image" /></div> <p> </p><p> </p><p> </p><p> </p><p> </p><p> </p><p> </p><p> </p><p> </p><p>Chinese elms often grow in the typical elm vase shape. Their showy bark exfoliates to reveal unique patterns and tones of brown, orange, and grey. This novel characteristic adds to its visual appeal, especially during winter. Chinese elm leaves are medium sized (2-3 inch long), dark green, shiny, and leathery. Trees located in cooler regions experience a change in color of leaves to beautiful shades of red, yellow, and purple. Chinese elm fruit are a flattened, winged samara about ½ inch long that is brown and notched at the top, occurring in clusters in the fall.</p><p></p><div data-embed-button="media_browser" data-entity-type="media" data-entity-embed-display="media_image" alt="Chinese Elm Seeds and Leaves" title="Chinese Elm Seeds and Leaves" data-entity-uuid="f6cef789-08d4-433f-bf68-7ad1ac1945f5" data-langcode="und" class="embedded-entity"> <img src="/sites/trees.umn.edu/files/files/media/chinese_elm_seeds_and_leaves.jpg" alt="Chinese Elm Seeds and Leaves" title="Chinese Elm Seeds and Leaves" typeof="foaf:Image" /></div> <p> </p><p> </p><p> </p><p> </p><p> </p><p> </p><p> </p><p> </p><p> </p><p> </p><p>Chinese elm is a popular tree species used for Bonsai, which is a Japanese form of art practiced by growing and pruning trees in small containers. The reason for this is due to its species abundance and its ability to handle a wide range of conditions like temperature, humidity, and light. Chinese elms make for great street, median, and parking lot trees as long as they are pruned correctly during youth and adolescence. These trees could afford to be planted more within their hardiness zones due to their high tolerance to a wide range of conditions, resistance to typical elm downfalls, and novel qualities.</p><p></p><div data-embed-button="media_browser" data-entity-type="media" data-entity-embed-display="media_image" alt="Chinese Elm Buds and Bonsai" title="Chinese Elm Buds and Bonsai" data-entity-uuid="ccbd4ca4-cdbb-4049-a5cf-59961928454e" data-langcode="und" class="embedded-entity"> <img src="/sites/trees.umn.edu/files/files/media/chinese_elm_buds.jpg" alt="Chinese Elm Buds and Bonsai" title="Chinese Elm Buds and Bonsai" typeof="foaf:Image" /></div> <hr /><p><strong> All photos and references are used for educational purposes only.</strong></p><h3 class="heading-3">References</h3><ol><li>Gilman, Edward F., &amp; Watson, Dennis G. “Ulmus parvifolia -- Chinese Elm” hort.ufl.edu. University of Florida, October 1994. Web. 11 December 2017 &lt;http://bit.ly/2B9vC0X&gt;</li><li>"Ulmus parvifolia Fact Sheet.” Virginia Tech Dendrology. Virginia Tech Dept. of Forest Resources and Environmental Conservation, 2017. Web. 11 December 2017. &lt;http://bit.ly/2BA4jNG&gt;</li><li>“Ulmus parvifolia.” Missouri Botanical Garden. Missouri Botanical Garden. Web. 11 December 2017. &lt;http://bit.ly/2a7z1M7&gt;</li></ol><h3 class="heading-3">Photos</h3><ol><li>Reimer, J. “Ulmus parvifolia ‘Allee’.” selectree.calpoly.edu. Cal Poly. Digital Image. 11 December 2017. &lt;http://bit.ly/2AuxfXw&gt;</li><li>Kenpei. “Ulmus Parvifolia.” Wikimedia Commons. Wikimedia Commons, 27 December 2006. Digital Image. 11 December 2017. &lt;http://bit.ly/2BdQEv8&gt;</li><li>“Ulmus parvifolia leaf.” Virginia Tech Dendrology. Virginia Tech Dept. of Forest Resources and Environmental Conservation, 2017. Digital Image. 11 December 2017. &lt;http://bit.ly/2BU2iIm&gt;</li><li>“Ulmus parvifolia fruit.” Virginia Tech Dendrology. Virginia Tech Dept. of Forest Resources and Environmental Conservation, 2017. Digital Image. 11 December 2017. &lt;http://bit.ly/2C75m4S&gt;</li><li>“Ulmus parvifolia twig.” Virginia Tech Dendrology. Virginia Tech Dept. of Forest Resources and Environmental Conservation, 2017. Digital Image. 11 December 2017. &lt;http://bit.ly/2AdnlVM&gt;</li><li>Ross, Sage. “Chinese elm bonsai 111.” Wikimedia Commons. Wikimedia Commons, 24 December 2008. Digital image. 11 December 2017. &lt;http://bit.ly/2B7Gr3a&gt;</li></ol><p> </p><h2 class="heading-2"> </h2></div> </div> <div data-block-plugin-id="field_block:node:dl_general_page:field_dl_tags" class="block block-layout-builder block-field-blocknodedl-general-pagefield-dl-tags"> <div class="flex-display-list field field--name-field-dl-tags field--type-entity-reference field--label-inline"> <div class="field__label">Tags</div> <div class="field__items"> <div class="flex-display-list-item field__item"><a href="/taxonomy/term/976" hreflang="en">Featured Tree</a></div> <div class="flex-display-list-item field__item"><a href="/taxonomy/term/16" hreflang="en">Tree of the Week</a></div> <div class="flex-display-list-item field__item"><a href="/taxonomy/term/986" hreflang="en">Chinese Elm</a></div> <div class="flex-display-list-item field__item"><a href="/taxonomy/term/1021" hreflang="en">Ulmus parvifolia</a></div> </div> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="col-md-4 radix-layouts-sidebar panel-panel"> <div class="panel-panel-inner"> </div> </div> </div> </div> </div><!-- /.brenham-flipped --> Thu, 28 Dec 2017 16:16:11 +0000 Anonymous 531 at https://trees.umn.edu