AMERICAN PLUM - PRUNUS AMERICANA

American plum fruit

Common Name: American plum, wild plum

Scientific Name: 
Family: Rosaceae
Genus: Prunus
Species: americana

Hardiness Zone: 3 to 8
Height: 15 to 25 ft
Width: 15 to 25 ft

Description: The American plum is a small, deciduous single or multi-stemmed shrub. It competes best on sandy or rocky soils, and can be found in many areas such as unused pastures, woodlands, and stream beds. It has the capability to reproduce through suckers, and tends to form large colonies. 

American plum produces fruit that may not be the best tasting, but is safe to be eaten raw if desired. It is commonly used for preserves and jellies. It is normally grown as an ornamental, not necessarily for its food production. 

American plum form
American plum flower
American plum foliage
American plum fruit

 

 

 

 

 

 

Prior to leaf-out in early spring, Prunus americana produces clusters of white flowers at the ends of its twigs. While considered by many to be unpleasant smelling, the flowers add aesthetic appeal for those using this tree as an ornamental. Its toothed, oblong leaves follow shortly after, eventually turning yellow to red in the fall. 

References:
"Prunus americana". Missouri Botanical Garden. http://www.missouribotanicalgarden.org/PlantFinder/PlantFinderDetails.as.... Accessed 03 May, 2018.  ​​