Common Name : Honeycrisp dwarf apple
Scientific Name : Malus Pumila MN#1711
Zone : 4 to 7
Height : 8 to 10 feet
Width : 8 to 10 feet
Grow in average, medium moisture, well-drained soil in full sun. Prefers moderately fertile, slightly acidic soil. Avoid heavy clay soils which tend to waterlog easily. Needs full sun for maximum flower and fruit production. More than one variety must be planted in order to facilitate best pollination and subsequent fruit production.
This dwarf apple tree grows 8 to 10′ tall. Pinkish white flowers appear in April and large, red apples with cream colored flesh mature in mid-September. Honeycrisp fruit is characterized by an exceptionally crisp and juicy texture. Its flesh is cream colored and coarse. The flavor is sub-acid and ranges from mild and well-balanced to strongly aromatic, depending on the degree of maturity. It has consistently ranked as one of the highest quality apples in the University of Minnesota sensory evaluations
Honeycrisp was produced from a 1960 cross of Macoun and Honeygold, as part of the University of Minnesota apple breeding program to develop winter hardy cultivars with high fruit quality. The original seedling was planted in 1962 at the University of Minnesota Horticultural Research Center, located near Excelsior in east central Minnesota. It was selected in September 1974 and evaluated as MN 1711 at locations in Excelsior, Morris and Grand Rapids, Minnesota, and at Geneva, New York.
Honeycrisp does not carry any known exceptional resistances to diseases or insects. Apple scab and cedar apple rust lesions have been observed on the leaves but these diseases have been readily controlled with a standard spray program. It has shown moderate susceptibility to fireblight. Supplemental applications of calcium may be useful in preventing bitter pit.
Garden Uses :
This dwarf apple tree is shaped, pruned and grown primarily with a view toward fruit production, and its ornamental features are considered secondary. It should be grouped in a sunny location with other Malus varieties. April apple blossoms and fall fruit add color and interest to the landscape.